Tile carving three-dimensional painting, silent poetry
Tile carving is a very important art form in ancient architecture carving. It refers to the carving of figures, landscapes, flowers, allusions and other patterns on bricks mainly used to decorate the components and walls of buildings such as temples and towers, cemeteries and houses. Usually it also refers to the sculptural crafts carved out of green bricks.
The finished brick sculpture has withstood centuries of sun and rain because it is made through a complex process. Brick carving goes through more than 30 stages from the selection of raw materials to the completion of all processes.
The first thing is to fire the green bricks. From the selection of raw materials to the kiln, we have to go through nine processes: selecting the soil, making clay, making mold, unblocking, cooling billet, entering the kiln, watching the fire, putting on water, and leaving the cellar. The size of the cellar for firing bricks is very small, which is said to be "good looking fire, easy to operate, and good goods".
When burning bricks generally does not use the "strong fire", the initial point of the cellar with a "light fire", jargon called it "make cellar hot". Heating cellar a day before turning to "medium fire", generally burn a cellar brick time is three days and three nights.
Usually after firing will use the "willow jar" to draw water from the pool on the roof of the cellar and splash it on the soil layer covering the top of the bricks, so that the water is filtered through the soil layer permeation, and the bricks in the whole cellar are drenched to the degree.
Color to green and gray is the best, the brick is too brittle hard not easy to carve, too gray is not durable. After "into the brick" on the water, open the "cellar door" and "cellar top" cooling two days and two nights after the cellar. When the bricks are out of the cellar, the scorched bricks, cracked bricks, deformed bricks must be strictly eliminated. A cellar into bricks, roughly can be screened about 80% of the finished carved bricks.
Brick carving is a unique architectural carving art in China, with a history of at least two thousand years. In terms of subject matter, brick carvings have always been based on auspicious content such as dragon and phoenix, two immortals in harmony, Liu Hai playing the golden toad, three yang Kai Tai, Guo Zi Yi making birthday, unicorn sending son, lion rolling embroidery ball, pine and cypress, orchid, bamboo, camellia, chrysanthemum, lotus, carp and other symbolic and auspicious content.
Brick carvings are either realistic or imaginative, and both. When realistic, it conveys a certain kind of life, culture and philosophy through a vivid shape and the skill of the carver's knife.
When realistic, it conveys a kind of expectation, blessing, emotion and spirit with every movement, every branch and leaf, and every pattern of animals or plants and flowers. Textual brick carving, or family motto, or philosophical quotation, "both work and writing", this is a special expression and artistic style of Chinese national culture.
Article Resource: 非遗地图